The human need for water has led to the formation of most human civilizations along the rivers. Early humans lived by the rivers and had been taught in an innate and empirical way that to make the most of these godly resources, rivers must be loved and even praised in some ancient cultures and rivers as sacred and living creatures.
It is true that Iran is a hot and dry country, but a wide network of rivers is spread throughout Iran, most of which are filled only in certain seasons. Most of Iran’s permanent rivers originate in Alborz or Zagros and flow into the Caspian, Persian Gulf or Oman Sea.
What are the major rivers of Iran?
There are 8 major rivers in Iran that we will listed here from the longest to the shortest one. they are listed as following :
- Aras river
- Karun river
- Zayende Rood river or the river of life
- Jajrood river of Tehran
- Bahoklat river
- Zarineh Rood river
- Sefid Rood River
- Atrak River
Aras river, which is the longest river in Iran, with a length of 1072 kilometers, originates from Turkey’s Min Gaul Mountains in the south of Erzurum city. The lush nature of the islands, birds and mountains skyrocketing around the Aras River is the attraction of this river.
The only river in Iran that crosses the waters of other countries is Karun. Karun, one of the largest and most rugged rivers in Iran, is also the only river in which part of it sails. The importance of Karun does not end there either. The river, with a length of 950 kilometers, also supplies Ahwazi drinking water. Karun originates from Zardkuh Bakhtiari in Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari province
Zayende Rood river or the river of life
Zayandehrood means the living river, its main part originating from Koohrang in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari. Zayandehrud is derived from Karun and flows into Gavkhuni marsh. One of the most spectacular parts of Zayandroud is the historic bridges of Isfahan which have doubled its glory. Boating in Zayandehrood and watching the people feed on the river’s seagrass with special passion can entertain people for hours
Jajrood river of Tehran
One of the most important rivers of Iran and Tehran is the Jajrood River, which is a permanent river. Jajrood originates from the heights of the Alborz Mountains. Jajrood is one of Tehran’s promenades, which also supplies a large portion of Tehran’s drinking water and is therefore built on the Latian Dam. In the Jajrood River, fish such as salmon and carp also live. Trees such as hawthorn, wild tomato, barberry, fig, make Jajrood more spectacular
Bahokalat in Sistan and Baluchestan. This river is known for having an Iranian crocodile.
Zarineh Rood river
Zarineh Rood , which originates from forty Kurdistan springs and eventually flows to Urmia. This river is one of the longest rivers in West Azerbaijan province.
Sefid Rood River
Sefid Rood River, about 765 km long, is the steepest and longest river in Gilan province.
Atrak River, which is one of the Iranian rivers in the northeast of the country. The main source of this river is the northern highlands of Quchal and eventually flows into the Caspian Sea